Zone 3: Key for Cycling and Triathlon Performance
Let’s talk about Zone 3 or Tempo effort on the bike
Zone 3 is a moderate intensity level that is challenging yet sustainable for extended periods with training zones around 75-90% of FTP or 85-95% of Threshold Heart Rate.
The best description I’ve heard of it by my own coach is that it’s an effort where you want to slow down…but you don’t have to. It’s just grindy.
I’m a big fan of utilizing a power meter in your training plan. A power meter provides the most accurate measurement of your effort, enabling you to maintain a consistent pace for longer durations compared to relying solely on heart rate. While heart rate training is a useful tool, it may not reflect fluctuations in speed and power, leading to an inconsistent effort. With the use of a power meter, you can minimize these fluctuations, and effectively target specific energy demands while maximizing aerobic stress on the muscles. When utilized together, power and heart rate can offer a comprehensive understanding of your performance.
Through Zone 3 training, cyclists and triathletes can effectively engage both their aerobic and anaerobic energy systems, leading to enhanced endurance and aerobic capacity. This enables the athlete to sustain a high intensity effort over extended distances and time frames, and prompts adaptations within the body such as increased muscle efficiency and optimized oxygen utilization – critical factors in cycling and triathlon success.
Incorporating Zone 3 up to Sweet Spot training into your intervals is not only beneficial for racing, but also for overall fitness and performance. It improves cardiovascular and respiratory function and builds endurance in a manner that minimizes the risk of injury, compared to high-intensity training. You should always include training balance through a variety of zones from low intensity up to vo2 max, zone 3 is just one training took to increase your average speed race day.
In addition to the cardiovascular and respiratory benefits, training in Zone 3 also significantly improves muscular endurance and strength. By repeatedly engaging in sustained, moderate intensity efforts, the muscles become more resilient and better able to handle longer and more intense efforts.
It can also be paired with low cadence riding, which involves fewer revolutions of the pedals per minute and increases torque. This type of training strengthens the muscles and tendons, making them more resistant to injury and fatigue. By combining Zone 3 sets with low cadence riding, you can achieve a well-rounded workout that will not only improve endurance and capacity, but also enhance your overall physical robustness.
Cyclist and three-time Tour de France champion Greg LeMond once said, “It doesn’t get any easier, you just go faster.” This quote epitomizes the essence of Zone 3 training. It’s not about taking it easy, but rather about pushing yourself in a sustainable and efficient manner while those watts go up as you get stronger.
In conclusion, if you seek to elevate your cycling performance, consider incorporating Zone 3 training into your routine.
If you want to take the mental energy out of wondering if you are doing too much, too little or the right training I offer personalized coaching options to help you reach your goals and bring out the best in your performance. Don’t hesitate to contact me for more information.
15 minutes: start easy and build up to Z2
4x 1 minute in Z3 on 1 minute Z1
3×10 minutes in Z3 on 3 minutes easy spin
5 minutes easy spin